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Basic soleá falsetas
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Here are some very basic examples of flamenco guitar falsetas (phrases) in the soleares style. In these samples, you'll find some well-known falsetas heard from many different players throughout history. Some basic techniques in flamenco guitar are represented here, like arpeggios and rasgueados. In order to play these falsetas with the right phrasing, you'll need to be familiar with the asymmetrical rhythm used in this style (soleares). Click here for an explanation.

Falseta 1
 
This is heard in many old recordings from different guitarists. Keep your thumb curved and play rest strokes (the thumb comes to rest on a thinner string after striking a note).
 

 

Falseta 2
 
This is another very old falseta heard in one form or another from almost all old-time players. Observe the indicated accents. Measures 1 and 3 can be exchanged, but not their accents.
 

 

Falseta 3
 
This is frequently used as a response to falseta 2. The triplets in the last measure add to the rhythmic drive.
 

 
 
Falseta 4
 
This continues with the same idea and may be used a bit more freely since it doesn't need another full compás as a "response," like falseta 2. The maestro Melchor de Marchena used this a lot.
 
 
 
Falseta 5
 
Another very old and frequently heard falseta. The F on the fourth string third fret can be included at beats three and six.
 
 
 
Falseta 6
 
This strumming is called rasgueado. The fingering shown is typical, but there are many other sequences that make this technique rich in ideas. You can include the appropriate notes on the fifth and sixth strings in the chording. The quintuplet arrangement is very common, and a sixteenth-note version (amii) is also very popular.
 
 
 
Falseta 7
 
Sabicas frequently used similar arpeggios. Measure three is a classic cierre (closing) heard from just about everybody. You can add an F on the fourth string (third fret) at the eighth beat. 
 
 
 
Falseta 8
 
For a more basic version of this falseta that makes a nice introduction to the idea seen below, play measures three and four back to back for a full twelve beats, accenting beats three, six, eight and ten. Diego de Morón has recorded this falseta in a prime example of "call and response," adding his variations to each unfolding measure.
 
 
 
Falseta 9
 
These kinds of arpeggios are an important part of the variety of techniques used in soleares. Observe the phrasing at beats three and six.
 
 
 
Falseta 10
 
The sequence of double-triplet arpeggio, eighth-note bass and quintuplet slur is identical in the first two measures, with a variation seen in the third. Repeating sequences like these are present in many falsetas.
 
 
 
Falseta 11
 
This makes a nice finish to a series of arpeggios. Notice how the striking-hand thumb and index share duties on the third string through beats six to eight. Some arpeggio patterns even place the thumb on a higher-pitched string than the index.
 
 
 
Falseta 12
 
Here the thumb outlines G7, C7 and F6 chords. This idea can also be played with arpeggios (see falseta 7) and rasgueados.
 
 
 
Falseta 13
 
These one-measure figures are to be played over beats 10, 11 and 12. They are called remates, and they form an important part of guitar playing in the soleares style. In the past, guitarists used only a few patterns for their remates, but today's players often use more modern variations. The "q" in the third example is an upstroke with the thumb, but a downstroke is also possible, which allows for a golpe (tap). Be sure to use the thumb in rest strokes throughout the examples.

 

 Falseta 14
 
Here are three more ideas that are a bit more modern sounding. It's a very good idea to memorize a series of moves over the 7-8-9 and 10-11-12 sections of the compás. Eventually, you can use this modular way of thinking to combine different beginnings, middles and ends of falsetas. Notice how the six examples increase in rhythmic intensity.
 

 

Falseta 15
 
This is a combination of ideas from Montoya, Sabicas and others. You can change the triplet starting each measure to an eighth and two sixteenths.

 
 

Falseta 16
 
This falseta was inspired by old-time playing. Be sure to use rest strokes with your thumb. You can shorten the first four notes to three by omitting an A note and starting on beat 1.
 

 

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