By JAUME OLLE.
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DEPARTAMENTOS DE GUATEMALA
The essentials of this information have been provided by Federico Drew.
Communication of the departmental governor Sir Jorge Mendez Castañeda on 21 April 1997.
Based on the mythical coat of arms of the city of Coban supposedly granted by Charles I of Spain. Until 1936 the world image showing the American continent carried the emblem of the Dominican order that had christianized the region called then Texulutlán. The arms were recently revised by the lawyer Agustín Estrada Monroy, who included some quetzal bird feathers, a royal crown and a rope with knots on its ends, but his proposal was found too different from the original design from Charles I and rejected.
Information about the flag was published by Flagmaster. Arms provided by Federico Drew.
Information on the flags is uncertain, based on the presence of these colors in the coat of arms.
Communication from departmental governor Hector Manuel Torres Agosto on 11 August 1998.
The department of Jutiapa has a population of 390.458 inhabitants ethnically " ladinos" (i.e. not indians) in its majority, and the main crops are sorghum, tobacco, onion and corn. The climate is dry. An important attraction is the cattle fair. The capital is Jutiapa. It counts with 17 municipalities. It is at 405 m. above sea level.
The coat of arms contains the cornucopia symbolizing Jutiapa as the barn of the East, suppliying Guatemala with most of the grain consumed by the people. The horse and the cow represent the cattle; the books stand for educational and cultural advances. On the background La Cruz hill, the firm guardian of the departamental chief town, with the tower or antenna of a Jutiapa radio station. Behind the hill the clouds, the sky and the sun of Jutiapa, that makes suitable the name of "The Sun City".
This coat of arms is placed on the flag between two laurel branches symbolizing the daily triumphs of the sons of Jutiapa.
The flag is mainly white, showing in its center the coat of arms adapted and adroned, between two laurel branches "
Coat of arms:
Flagmaster nr. 25 reports the flag of "the city of Quezaltenango" (probably used by the whole department) with coat of arms in the center and vertical red, white, blue. Brommer Atlas (1862) indicates an identical flag but with the blue on the hoist and the red on the fly (and a quetzal bird in the center) that would correspond to the State of Los Altos.
During the visit of the Spanish Queen Sofía to the department it could be seen on TVE1 a flag with these colors but in horizontal arrangement: blue, white and red, without coat of arms, though it is to be expected that this could appear in other exemplars of this flag. The flag seen on TVE coincides with the flag of the State of Los Altos decreed on 13 of September of 1848.
Communication of the departmental governor Mr Carlos E. Quiñones on 22 April 1997.
The green stands for the luxuriant vegetation, and the white for the foam of the waves that bathe the departments shore. The coat of arms contains the palm, departmental symbol; 9 stars representing the municipalities (Champerico, San Sebastián, Santa Cruz Mulua, San Martín Zapotitlan, San Felipe, El Asintal, Nuevo San Carlos, San Andrés Villa Seca and Retalhuleu, this last, the capital, beeing represented by a larger star); in the third quarter is shown the flag of Guatemala in diagonal to indicate allegiance to this country; and in the fourth field the five volcanoes illuminated by a brilliant sun symbolize the Central American unity.
Uncertain flag based on the presence
of the colors in the coat of arms.
As in the case of several Latin American countries the flag of the department of Solola carries in the center the coat of arms of the capital. This seems to be due to the fact that the Municipal Corporation of the city has jurisdiction on all the department.
communication by Mr Pedro Iboy Chiroy, Mayor of the Municipal Corporation of the Department of Solola, 9 October 1997.
Ratio (according to the drawing made by computer and transmitted to me) c. 8:21
Detail of the SEAL that figure in the flag (the departmental coat of arms and that of the Municipality are similar but rounded and multicolored). The drawing has as backgound a mountain and lake, continuing with vast fields with vegetation and little houses, and on the foreground a Guatemalan peasant woman on cultivated land.
Coat of arms:
Vertical red, white and yellow flag, with the arms of the city of Totonicapan in the center.
Coat of arms:
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